Америка напала на Россию

warСША ужесточили  санкции в отношении России. Полномасштабной экономической войны и блокировки сотрудничества по всем фронтам мы пока не видим, но Америка уже начинает атаковать некоторые секторы, а не отдельных чиновников.

Итак, Минфин США объявил о расширении санкционного списка. Теперь в него попали Внешэкономбанк, Газпромбанк, компания “Роснефть”, предприятие “Базальт”, Феодосийская нефтяная компания, концерн радиоэлектронных технологий КРЭТ, компания “Созвездие”, НПО машиностроения, концерн “Алмаз-Антей”, концерн “Калашников”, КБ приборостроения, компания “Уралвагонзавод”, ОАО “Новатэк” и, конечно, Луганская народная республика и Донецкая народная республика.

Иными словами, Америка, помимо самопровозглашенных республик на территории Украины теперь пытается осложнить жизнь финансовому сектору России и предприятиям в сфере ВПК. При этом, как сообщает ИТАР-ТАСС, США не блокировали активы Газпромбанка и Внешэкономбанка, но ограничили их доступ на американский рынок. Российским банкам теперь будет сложно искать финансирование в США, хотя стоит для начала выяснить, насколько важны такие источники для этих компаний.

Среди людей, которых Америка обвиняет в поддержке сепаратизма на Украине вице-спикер Госдумы Сергей Неверов, министр по делам Крыма Олег Савельев, помощник президента РФ Игорь Щеголев, генерал-полковник ФСБ Сергей Беседа, один из лидеров провозглашенной Донецкой народной республики Александр Бородай.

Что касается синхронизации действий США и ЕС в вопросе санкций, то ее мы пока не видим. Америка лишь заявила, что “тесно сотрудничает” с европейскими партнерами.

 

обама4 (1)ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНЫЕ САНКЦИИ СО СТОРОНЫ США: АНГЛИЙСКАЯ ВЕРСИЯ ТЕКСТА

The following are excerpts of the text of the announcement late Wednesday of additional sanctions being imposed by the U.S. Treasury Department vs. Russian firms and government officials, in the energy, defense, finance and shipping sectors: In response to Russia’s continued attempts to destabilize eastern Ukraine and its ongoing occupation of Crimea, the U.S. Department of the Treasury today imposed a broad-based package of sanctions on entities in the financial services, energy, and arms or related materiel sectors of Russia, and on those undermining Ukraine’s sovereignty or misappropriating Ukrainian property. More specifically: — Treasury imposed sanctions that prohibit U.S. persons from providing new financing to two major Russian financial institutions (Gazprombank OAO and VEB) and two Russian energy firms (OAO Novatek and Rosneft), limiting their access to U.S. capital markets; — Treasury designated eight Russian arms firms, which are responsible for the production of a range of materiel that includes small arms, mortar shells, and tanks; — Treasury designated the «Luhansk People’s Republic» and the «Donetsk People’s Republic,» which have asserted governmental authority over parts of Ukraine without the authorization of the Government of Ukraine; and Aleksandr Borodai, the self-declared «prime minister» of the Donetsk People’s Republic, for threatening the peace, security, stability, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of Ukraine; — Treasury designated Feodosiya Enterprises, a key shipping facility in the Crimean peninsula, because it is complicit in the misappropriation of state assets of Ukraine; and — Treasury designated four Russian government officials, including Sergey Beseda, a senior Russian Federal Security Service official. These actions do more than build upon previous steps to impose costs on separatists and the Russian government. By imposing sanctions on entities within the financial services and energy sectors, Treasury has increased the cost of economic isolation for key Russian firms that value their access to medium- and long-term U.S. sources of financing. By designating firms in the arms or related materiel sector, Treasury has cut these firms off from the U.S. financial system and the U.S. economy. «Russia has continued to destabilize Ukraine and provide support for the separatists, despite its statements to the contrary,» said Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen. «Because Russia has failed to meet the basic standards of international conduct, we are acting today to open Russia’s financial services and energy sectors to sanctions and limit the access of two key Russian banks and two key energy firms to U.S. sources of financing, and to impose blocking sanctions against eight arms firms and a set of senior Russian officials.» Identification of the Financial Services Sector of Russia and the Prohibition of Certain Types of Activities with Two Russian Banks Pursuant to E.O. 13662 Today, Treasury Secretary Jacob J. Lew determined that persons operating within Russia’s financial services sector may now be subject to targeted sanctions. Following Secretary Lew’s determination, Treasury imposed measures prohibiting U.S. persons and persons within the United States from transacting in, providing financing for, or otherwise dealing in new debt of longer than 90 days maturity or new equity for Gazprombank OAO and VEB, their property, or their interests in property. As a practical matter, this step will close the medium- and long-term U.S. dollar lending window to these banks, and will impose additional significant costs on the Russian Government for its continued activities in Ukraine. We have not blocked the property or interests in property of these banks, nor have we prohibited transactions with them beyond these specific restrictions. However, the scope of the prohibited transaction types and the number of financial institutions may be expanded under E.O. 13662 if we decide to do so. Gazprombank OAO is a Russian financial institution, which was originally established to provide financial services to companies in Russia’s energy industry, but has expanded to provide services to more than 45,000 companies and 3 million private individuals. Gazprombank OAO has more than 40 branches across Russia, and a number of international subsidiaries. Gazprombank OAO specializes in the private banking and corporate financing services. VEB is a Russian state-owned financial institution that acts as a development bank and payment agent for the Russian government. It was formed June 8, 2007, pursuant to Russian federal law and is the legal successor to Vnesheconombank of the USSR, which was a specialized Russian state bank. VEB’s supervisory board is chaired by the Russian prime minister, and the chairman of the bank is appointed by the Russian president. VEB acts as an agent for the Russian Government for the purposes of accounting, servicing, and repaying the sovereign debts of the former USSR and Russia; accounting, servicing, and repaying government loans issued by the former USSR and Russia to foreign borrowers; collecting debts from legal entities of Russia and municipal governments; providing and executing state guarantees of Russia and monitoring projects implemented by Russia with involvement of international financial institutions.

 

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